Climate in Canada

Canadian Weather and Climate from

Most of Canada has four distinct seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. The temperature and weather in each season can be different from one part of the country to another. In most parts of Canada, spring is rainy with warm daytimes and cool nights. The average daytime temperatures are about 12 degrees Celsius in March, April and May.

Summer officially begins on 21 June, but July and August are summer for most Canadians. In southern Canada, the weather ranges from warm to hot, with daytime temperatures ranging between 20-30 degrees Celsius.

Autumn, or fall, starts in September. The weather cools and the leaves on many trees change colour and fall to the ground. There can be heavy rainfall at this time of year. In some parts of Canada, especially northern or mountain regions, snow may begin to fall by late October. Average daytime temperatures are between 10- 12 degrees Celsius in most parts of the country from September to November.

During the winter months of December to February, the temperature in most parts of the country is below 0 degrees Celsius both in the daytime and during the night. Temperatures in some parts of the country drop below -25 degrees Celsius. In most of Canada, snow stays on the ground from mid-December to the middle of March. The higher in elevation and the farther north you go, the longer and colder winter becomes.

It’s important for you to know that if you arrive in Canada in the winter, you will need to have very warm clothing such as insulated waterproof boots, an overcoat, a scarf for your neck and face, a hat that covers your ears, and gloves or mittens. If you come from a warm climate, try to buy winter clothes before you leave for Canada. If that is not possible, be prepared to purchase winter clothes as soon as you arrive. You may wish to contact an immigrant-serving organization in your new community for help.

You can find detailed weather information for each region of Canada on the Environment Canada website at